Skip to site navigation

Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum'

Home  |  Plants > Plant Selector > Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum'

© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Bushy

Fragrance

Leaf

Resilience

Hardiness

old H4 (hardy)

Colour

Flower

Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Green and Grey/Silver in Summer
Purple in Spring

Size

Ultimate height

1.5-2.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0.5-1 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

bronze fennel

Family

Apiaceae


Foeniculum is a large biennial or perennial with aromatic, finely dissected leaves and umbels of small yellow flowers, followed by aromatic fruits

'Purpureum' is an upright, clump-forming perennial to 1.8m, with finely divided foliage which is purple when young, later grey-green; flat heads of tiny yellow flowers appear in summer

Other common names

  • purple leaf fennel

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in moist, fertile soil. Can be invasive if flowers are allowed to set seed. If grown with other foliage colour forms then they will readily hybridise, resulting in inferior plants

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden or Flower borders and beds


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Can get aphids

Diseases

Generally disease resistant