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Larix decidua

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© RHS 1999

Characteristics

Plant type

Conifer or Tree

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

old H4 (hardy)

Colour

Flower

Dark Pink in Spring

Foliage

Mid Green in Summer
Pale Green in Spring
Yellow in Autumn

Fruit

Brown in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

more than 50 years


Preferred common name

European larch

Family

Pinaceae


Larix are deciduous trees of conical habit, with good autumn colour from the soft, needle-like leaves which are borne in whorls on spur-like lateral shoots and spirally arranged on young growth; small ovoid cones persist on the branches

L. decidua is a deciduous conifer making a large conical tree, broadening with age, with cream young shoots bearing soft, light green needle-like leaves in whorls, turning yellow in autumn. Flowers small, cones to 4cm, erect

Other common names

  • common larch
  • Venice turpentine

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing, North-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed

Cultivation

Grow in any deep, well-drained soil in full sun

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed in containers in early spring, graft in winter, or root semi-ripe cuttings in summer under mist; cuttings are difficult to root

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Low Maintenance or Architectural


How to care

Pruning

no pruning necessary

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

honey fungus may be a problem and canker may cause dieback