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Pinus pinea AGM

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© RHS 1999

Characteristics

Plant type

Conifer or Tree

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Pale Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Brown in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

more than 50 years


Preferred common name

stone pine

Family

Pinaceae


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

P. pinea is an evergreen conifer making a round-topped evergreen tree with stiff, dark green needles to 15cm long. Cones rounded-ovoid, to 15cm long, shiny light brown. It will reach 15-20m when fully mature

Other common names

  • Italian stone pine
  • umbrella pine

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Exposed

Cultivation

Grown in any well-drained soil in full sun

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed in spring after the cones have ripened over three years. Chilling the seeds for three weeks may aid germination

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden or Flower borders and beds


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases

May be subject to pine needle cast and honey fungus