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Pulmonaria officinalis

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Blue and Pink in Spring

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

common lungwort

Family

Boraginaceae


Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer

P. officinalis is a semi-evergreen perennial to 30cm tall, with broad leaves spotted freely with greenish-white, and clusters of flowers opening pink and soon changing to blue, in spring

Other common names

  • Adam and Eve
  • Bedlam cowslip
  • beggar's basket
  • bugloss cowslip
  • Jerusalem cowslip
  • Jerusalem sage
  • lady's cowslip
  • lady's milk
  • Mary's honeysuckle
  • Mary's tears
  • sage of Bethlehem
  • soldiers and sailors
  • spotted dog
  • Virgin Mary's honeysuckle

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade
  • Full shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in humus-rich, fertile, moist but not waterlogged soil in full or partial shade

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by division after flowering or in autumn

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Banks and Slopes, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Ground Cover or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

Remove old leaves after flowering

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews in dry conditions