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Desfontainia spinosa AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H4 (hardy - average winter)

Colour

Flower

Red and Yellow in Autumn and Summer

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

1.5-2.5 metres

Ultimate spread

1.5-2.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

spiny desfontainia

Family

Loganiaceae


Desfontainia are evergreen shrubs with leathery, holly-like, spiny leaves and pendent, solitary tubular flowers in summer and autumn

D. spinosa is a slow-growing, erect, medium-sized evergreen shrub with small, spiny, holly-like dark green leaves and bright scarlet flowers to 4cm in length, the lobes tipped with yellow

Synonym(s)

  • Desfontainia spinosa f. hookeri

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in a lime-free, moist but well-drained, humus-rich soil in a sheltered position in partial shade

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid or Alkaline
  • Loam, Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings or by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Cut Flowers, Low Maintenance or Prairie Planting


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 9

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

Generally disease free