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Erythronium dens-canis AGM

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© RHS 1994

Characteristics

Plant type

Bulb

Habit

Clump-forming

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Pink, Red and Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Brown and Green in Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0-0.1 metre

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

dog's tooth violet

Family

Liliaceae


Erythronium are bulbous perennials with paired, ovate or broadly elliptic leaves, and leafless stems bearing one or more nodding, star-shaped flowers with recurved petals

E. dens-canis is a perennial to 25cm, with paired ovate-elliptic leaves, heavily mottled with brown, and solitary, nodding mauve-pink flowers 4-5cm in width, have reflexed tepals with yellow and red-brown zones at base

Other common names

  • dogs-tooth

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Plant 10cm deep in fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil in partial shade that does not dry out. Bulbs in storage must be kept slightly damp

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by division after flowering

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Rock Garden, Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs or Wildflower meadow


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Prone to damage by slugs

Diseases

Generally disease free