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Euonymus europaeus

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© RHS 1997

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Origin

Native to the UK

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested

Resilience

Hardiness

old H4 (hardy)

Colour

Flower

Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Red and Yellow in Autumn

Fruit

Orange and Red in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

spindle

Family

Celastraceae


Euonymus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, often with fine autumn colour, and small flowers followed by colourful fruits

E. europaeus is a spreading deciduous shrub to 3m, with narrowly ovate leaves turning yellow or red in autumn, and panicles of small yellow flowers followed by 4-lobed red fruits which split to reveal orange seeds

Other common names

  • ananbeam
  • cat tree
  • catwood
  • common spindle tree
  • dogwood
  • gatten tree
  • gatter tree
  • louseberry tree
  • pegwood
  • prick timber
  • prickwood
  • skewerwood
  • spindle tree

Synonym(s)

  • Euonymus bulgaricus

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Prone to caterpillars and vine weevils

Diseases

May be affected by powdery mildews