Skip to site navigation

Fagus sylvatica AGM

Home  |  Plants > Plant Selector > Fagus sylvatica AGM

© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree

Habit

Spreading / Branched

Origin

Native to the UK

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Green in Spring

Foliage

Brown and Orange in Autumn
Green in Spring and Summer

Fruit

Brown in Autumn

Stem

Grey/Silver in

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

common beech

Family

Fagaceae


Fagus are large deciduous trees with smooth grey bark, ovate leaves colouring well in autumn, and inconspicuous flowers followed by usually spiny fruits

F. sylvatica is a large, vigorous deciduous tree with a broad, spreading crown. Leaves broadly elliptic, yellow-green in spring, rich russet-brown in autumn. Flowers small, green, followed by bristly fruits

Other common names

  • European beech

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Hedging/Screens or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Aphids and beech bark scale may be a problem

Diseases

May be affected by coral spot and heart and root rot in mature trees