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Fagus sylvatica var. heterophylla 'Aspleniifolia' AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree

Habit

Spreading / Branched

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Green in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring or Summer
Red or Yellow in Autumn

Fruit

Pink in Autumn

Stem

Green and White in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

fern-leaved beech

Family

Fagaceae


Fagus are large deciduous trees with smooth grey bark, ovate leaves colouring well in autumn, and inconspicuous flowers followed by usually spiny fruits

'Aspleniifolia' is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a broad, open crown. Leaves variable, mostly long and narrow, cut deeply into several pairs of pointed lobes and turning orange-brown in autumn

Other common names

  • cut-leaved beech
  • fern-leaved beech

Synonym(s)

  • Fagus sylvatica 'Aspleniifolia'
  • Fagus sylvatica f. laciniata 'Aspleniifolia'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, Hedging/Screens or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Aphids and beech bark scale may be a problem

Diseases

May be affected by coral spot and heart and root rot in mature trees