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Ficus lyrata AGM

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© RHS 2003

Characteristics

Plant type

Conservatory/Greenhouse

Habit

Bushy

Toxicity

Resilience

Hardiness

H1b (heated greenhouse - subtropical)

Colour

Flower

Green in Summer

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

1-1.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

fiddle-leaf fig

Family

Moraceae


Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit

F. lyrata is a robust evergreen tree to 5m or more, with glossy dark green, obovate or fiddle-shaped leaves to 45cm in length, the veins impressed above; flowers and fruits not seen on container-grown plants

Other common names

  • banjo fig

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow outdoors in humus-rich moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade with protection from wind in a frost-free area. Grow under glass in loam-based compost in full or filtered light

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed, leaf-bud or semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Low Maintenance or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Prone to glasshouse red spider mite, thrips, mealybugs and scale insects under glass

Diseases

Generally disease free